The incident sparked fears for the 85-year-old’s health but a spokesman for Mr Carter later said he was “resting comfortably” and would resume a tour to promote his book later this week.
Unconfirmed reports suggested the former president had suffered from a bout of air sickness.
He was on a commercial Delta airline flight to Cleveland, Ohio for an event at a book shop to promote his “White House Diary.”
A message was sent from the plane that a passenger was unwell and, when it landed at Cleveland Hopkins International Airport, the former president was taken off the plane by a medical team. He was then taken to MetroHealth Medical Centre for treatment.
Mr Carter served as US president from 1977 to 1981. He is due to celebrate his 86th birthday on Friday.
Since leaving the presidency he has been active in international diplomacy, particularly in intervening on behalf of Americans detained abroad and as an observer of foreign elections.